Cheviot Hills is bordered on the west by Rancho Park, on the south by Palms, on the north by Century City, and on the east by Beverlywood. The district's boundaries are, roughly, Manning Avenue on the west, the Santa Monica Freeway on the south, Pico Boulevard on the north, and Castle Heights Avenue on the east. Principal thoroughfares include Pico and National Boulevards and Manning and Motor Avenues.
Originally a part of the Spanish Rancho Rincon de los Bueyes land grant, Cheviot Hills remained a pastoral area well into the 20th century. In the early 1920s, the area was subdivided, but significant residential development did not occur until the late 1930s. The hills that provide the district with its name offer excellent views of much of the Los Angeles Basin, resulting in most of Cheviot Hills' population being fairly affluent. Housing in the district consists of upscale single-family homes in the northern portions, with smaller houses and apartment buildings closer to the Santa Monica Freeway.
As a secluded neighborhood centered around golf courses (the Beverly Hills Country Club in the southern part of the district, and the Rancho Park course at the northern end), Cheviot Hills has long been popular among empty-nesters and the elderly. Cheviot Hills is considered one of the most desirable neighborhoods in Los Angeles.